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This Week in History, April 7th - April 13th

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    April 7th, 1827 – John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match that he had invented the previous year.
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    April 7th, 1978 – Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by President Jimmy Carter.
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    April 8th, 1893 – The first recorded college basketball game occurs at Geneva College in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.
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    April 8th, 1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
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    April 9th, 1860 – On his phonautograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville makes the oldest known recording of an audible human voice.
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    April 9th, 1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
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    April 10th, 1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner's Sons. Photo courtesy of Getty Images
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    April 10th, 1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.
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    April 11th, 1970 – Apollo 13 is launched. Photo courtesy of Getty Images
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    April 11th, 1976 – The Apple I is created. Photo courtesy of Getty Images
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    April 12th, 1861 – American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
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    April 12th, 1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
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    April 13th, 1796 – The first elephant ever seen in the United States arrives from India.
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    April 13th, 1997 – Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament. Photo courtesy of Getty Images